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Which are the most dangerous countries in the world?
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Who would invest abroad or send employees on an international assignment without first analysing the country’s safety situation ? This is the only way you can take adequate protection measures. In the event of expatriation or when staff is travelling to the most unstable regions of the world, taking out specific coverage is essential. Spotlight on the 2021 ranking of the most dangerous countries in the world.

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2 studies to identify countries at risk

Many studies classify countries according to political risks and other threats to peace. Two of them were selected:

  • the Global Peace Index, published by the Institute for Economics & Peace, which compares 163 countries across 23 indicators,
  • the interactive Travel Risk Map, produced by International SOS, which analyses countries according to a number of criteria

Other organisations or companies also regularly provide maps of security risks in the world, without necessarily ranking countries one by one. For example, the Department of Foreign Affairs of many countries provide information on the world's least secure countries on their websites.

Top 10 most dangerous countries in the world in 2021

Global Peace Index

Travel Risk Map

Afghanistan

Afghanistan

Iraq

Iraq

Libya

Libya

Central African Republic

Mali

Democratic Republic of Congo

Central African Republic

Russia

Democratic Republic of Congo

Somalia

Somalia

South Sudan

South Sudan

Syria

Syria

Yemen

Yemen

Although the number of risk indicators differed from one study to another, 9 countries appeared in both lists of the most dangerous countries.

Note: these studies were conducted before the Ukraine/Russia conflict. The Travel Risk Map now includes Ukraine (February 2022).

Measuring danger: which criteria?

In order to classify countries according to their level of dangerousness, studies are based on a number of criteria, such as:

  • the macroeconomic environment,
  • the number of homicides per 100,000 inhabitants,
  • the number of displaced persons and refugees,
  • the number and duration of internal and external conflicts,
  • the human rights situation,
  • the quality of infrastructure,
  • political instability,
  • military expenditure as a percentage of GDP,
  • terrorist activity,
  • relations with neighbouring countries.

Each country analysed is given a score, which makes it possible to establish a ranking.

Some international insurance policies exclude dangerous areas. Tell your insurer which countries your employees will be travelling to so that you can be offered appropriate cover for health, assistance and life insurance services. It is sometimes essential to take out security insurance (kidnapping, detention, extortion, etc.) to protect your employees. You may also protect your investments through an export insurance.

Get a quote  ›

For more information on countries at risk:

Visit the Travel Risk Map and Vision of Humanity websites.

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